AFCAT Exam Pattern & Syllabus

AFCAT Syllabus and Exam Pattern 2021 has been discussed here. AFCAT refers to the Air Force Common Admission Test, which is conducted by the Indian Air Force for recruitment of candidates into Flying (Short Service Commission only), Technical (Permanent and Short Service Commission), and Ground Duty (Permanent and Short Service Commission) Branches. The AFCAT Exam is conducted twice a year, once in February and the other in August. The intent of this examination is to assess the understanding of concepts and intelligence of the candidate. For the preparation of the examination, a candidate should go through the AFCAT Exam pattern first. This also helps to get an estimate of the marking scheme and subjects covered.
Topic-wise elaboration is done. Along with that, the exam pattern has also been given. Read on to know the details.

AFCAT Syllabus 2021: Overview

Name of the Exam Air Force Common Admission Test (AFCAT)
Conducting Body  Indian Air Force (IAF)
Language of the Exam  English
Occurrence  February and August
Mode of Exam   Online

AFCAT Exam Pattern 2021

As per the notification, the AFCAT written exam consists of General Aptitude, General Awareness, Verbal Ability, Reasoning, and Military Aptitude. The question and marks distribution of each section is depicted in the given table.

For all the candidates of the AFCAT, it is mandatory to appear in the written test. Also, the candidates who have applied for the technical posts need to appear in the Engineering Knowledge Test (EKT).

  • Total Time Duration: 2 hours
  • Number of Questions: 100
  • Marking Criteria: +3 for each correct answer
  • Negative Marking: -1 for each incorrect answer
  • No marks for unattended questions.

Click here to check AFCAT Result 2021

AFCAT: Selection Process

AFCAT Exam takes place twice a year. The online exam is conducted by the Indian Air Force.
The selection process of the AFCAT Exam comprises the following stages:
Stage 1: AFCAT Written Exam is the only criteria for clearing the first stage for the Non-Technical candidates;
while AFCAT + EKT (Engineering Knowledge Test) for the Technical candidates
Stage 2: Air Force Selection Board (AFSB) Interview
Stage 3: Medical Test
The AFCAT EKT for technical candidates contains 50 questions for 150 marks with questions from Mechanical, Computer Science, Electrical & Electronics.

Download AFCAT Syllabus & Exam Pattern 2020-21 PDF

AFCAT Syllabus: Topics

List of major topics in each section of the AFCAT Syllabus comprises the following:
AFCAT Syllabus: The questions and marks of the Written Exam have been depicted in the table below.

Exam Subject Number of Questions Marks Duration
AFCAT General Awareness
English Language
Numerical Ability
Reasoning and Military Aptitude Test
100 300 2 hours
Engineering Knowledge Test (EKT)
for Technical candidates
Computer Science
Electrical & Electronics
50 150 45 minutes

The standard of Mathematics will be of Matriculation level. The standard of other subjects is as per the graduation level of Indian Universities. The topics for each section have been listed for convenience. Candidates can go through the topics given for each subject to prepare well.
AFCAT Syllabus: General Awareness- This section tests the general knowledge of the candidates. The questions are designed on the basis of ongoing, current events in various fields around the world. About 20 questions are asked in this section.
The major topics covered in this section are given below:

  • History
  • Sports
  • Geography
  • Art and Culture
  • International Current Affairs
  • Politics
  • Civics
  • Environment
  • Defense
  • Basic Science

AFCAT Syllabus: Verbal Ability in English- This section tests the proficiency of students in English. The knowledge of the language through comprehension is also a part of this section. The total number of questions asked from this section will be about 30.
The important topics for this section are:

  • Comprehension
  • Basic Grammar
  • Fill in the blanks by choosing the appropriate word
  • Tenses
  • Error Detection
  • Sentence Completion
  • Synonyms and Antonyms
  • Testing of Vocabulary

AFCAT Syllabus: Numerical Ability
This section is to check the knowledge, speed, and accuracy of the student in solving numerical problems. Basic Mathematical concepts are covered. The important topics of this section are as follows:

  • Decimal and Fraction
  • Simple Interest & Compound Interest
  • Time & Distance (Trains/Boats & Streams)
  • Percentage
  • Ratio & Proportion
  • Time and Work
  • Average
  • Profit & Loss

AFCAT Syllabus: Reasoning and Military Aptitude Test- Approximately 35 questions will be asked.

  • Odd One Out
  • Analogy
  • Venn Diagram
  • Pattern Completion
  • Dot Situation Analysis
  • Blood Relation
  • Missing Figures
  • Figure Classification
  • Coding and Decoding
  • Spotting the Embedded Figures
  • Sequencing

AFCAT Syllabus EKT – Engineering Knowledge Test

AFCAT EKT is the exam that evaluates the engineering knowledge required for the technical branch. Students who aim to get into the technical branch have to apply and appear for EKT Exam.
AFCAT EKT is a 45-minute exam and is followed by AFCAT. Candidates are given half an hour window after which AFCAT EKT Exam takes place. The total duration for the AFCAT exam is 2 hours and the mode of examination is online.
The AFCAT EKT Exam Syllabus has a General engineering part that is based on the common topics of multiple branches of engineering. Also, based on the degree of the candidate, there are questions from the specialized part. These involve the following:

AFCAT Syllabus Topics

Syllabus Topics
AFCAT EKT Fundamental Engineering Syllabus Engineering Physics, Engineering Mathematics, and Engineering Drawing
AFCAT EKT Allied Engineering Topics Syllabus Control Engineering, Telecommunication Systems, Electrical Engineering, Radar Theory, Instrumentation, Antenna, and Wave Propagation, and Microwave Engineering
AFCAT EKT Computer Science Engineering Syllabus Information Technology, Network Theory Design, Analog, and Digital Electronics, Computer Networks, Switching Theory, and Electronic Devices
AFCAT EKT Mechanical Engineering Syllabus Thermodynamics, Fluid Mechanics/Hydraulic Machines, Engineering Mechanics, Materials Science, Thermodynamics, Manufacturing Science, and Machine Drawing
AFCAT EKT Electrical & Electronics Engineering Syllabus Microwave Engineering, Analog, and Digital Electronics, Electronic Devices, Telecommunication Systems, Microwave Engineering, Control Engineering, and Electrical Engineering

Important Points AFCAT Syllabus & Exam Pattern 2021

AFCAT is an exam to test the knowledge, intelligence, speed, and accuracy of the candidate. Qualifying the AFCAT Exam is a wonderful opportunity to attain a reputable post and serve your nation. Thus, to qualify such an exam is a good accomplishment.
Thus, candidates are requested to go through the given AFCAT Syllabus thoroughly in order to prepare properly for the AFCAT Exam. Thorough knowledge of the syllabus and exam pattern helps the candidate to prepare the topics on a priority basis. Timely preparation of the exam with prioritizing the topics and being thorough with the pattern and subjects will be instrumental in clearing the exam.
Updates of the notifications related to AFCAT Exam Notifications and other posts can be accessed through the official website of By going through the exam pattern, a candidate will get an estimate about the exam difficulty level and how to prepare for the AFCAT Exam. A well-prepared exam comprises thorough knowledge of the syllabus, previous year papers, and/or mock papers.
All the best!

AFCAT Syllabus 2021 FAQ’s

Q 1. How many questions are there in the AFCAT exam?
Ans. For normal candidates, there are 100 questions and for technical, there are 50 more technical questions.

Q 2. Is there negative marking in the AFCAT exam?
Ans. Yes, there is a negative marking of 1 mark for every wrong answer.

Q 3. How many subjects are there in the AFACT exam.?
Ans. There are four subjects, i.e, General Awareness, Verbal Ability (English), Numerical Ability and Reasoning, and Military Aptitude Test.

Q 4. For how many marks the AFCAT exam is conducted?
Ans. The AFCAT exam is conducted for 300 marks for all candidates and 450 marks for technical candidates.

Q 5. How many questions will be there in the technical exam?
Ans. There will be 50 questions in the technical paper of the AFCAT exam.

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